They appear on every type of complexion, most often on the nose, they are difficult to remove and do not look good – blackheads. How are these skin changes created? What are the causes? And most importantly, how to get rid of them once and for all?
There are two names in use – blackheads and comedones. Both of these terms refer to the same problem, i.e. skin lesions usually resulting from inappropriate care. Although the reasons for the formation of blackheads can be varied.
How are the blackheads formed?
Dark spots on the nose, around the chin, lips and cheeks are nothing else but blackheads. They appear when too much dirt accumulates on our skin. Excessive sebum, dead epidermis, toxins gather at the sebaceous glands. This way, they clog them and create the perfect place for the growth of bacteria. It is in the process of oxidation with the help of bacteria that the impurities accumulated in the pores darken and characteristic blackheads appear.
In fact, there are two types of blackheads:
- open – dark and strongly visible,
- closed – light, small and less visible.
What causes blackheads?
Instead of wondering “why do I have blackheads”, take a closer look at your skincare routine. The most common cause of blackheads is improper care. We do not adjust cosmetics to the needs of our skin, not to mention the care methods. Therefore, often times, we use products that contain comedogenic substances such as paraffin, lanolin, coconut oil, silicones, etc.
Other causes of blackhead formation include:
- genetic tendency to skin oiliness,
- inappropriate diet (rich in sugars and spicy foods),
- smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol,
- hormone fluctuations, e.g. due to pregnancy or contraception,
- chronic stress!
Skincare with blackheads
Removing blackheads is not an easy thing. It requires patience and the use of appropriate means, ie cleansing and anti-acne cosmetics.
Step 1. Cleansing the skin. Blackheads do not like it when the skin is too clean because the bacteria do not have the right conditions to grow. Micellar water, facial cleansing gel and peeling are your must-have set. They must be gentle because too harsh cleansing of the skin can irritate it and cause the sebaceous glands to produce even more sebum. Moderation is the key.
Step 2. Moisturizing the skin. There is no type of skin that would not like a good dose of hydration. Healthy skin has definitely fewer problems like blackheads, so it’s worth spending some time on proper care. For moisturizing, the best solution will be a light cream with hyaluronic acid or urea, but definitely without silicones and oils (they can clog the skin). It is worth having a moisturizing mist with you.
Step 3. Toning the skin. Do not forget about a toner but it’s better for our complexion if it didn’t contain alcohol. Moisturizing toners are best, but in the case of blackheads, you will need a product that will also mattify the skin. It is worth looking at its composition not only for hydrating ingredients (humectants) but also for plant extracts, among others chamomile extract, cucumber extract, lemon extract or cranberry extract. With such ingredients, comedones have no chance.
Of course, there are also various homemade ways to fight against blackheads.
Homemade remedies for blackheads
As in many cases, also blackheads can be defeated by at-home methods. It’s worth taking a look at your grandmother’s notes and dusting up old herbariums. We are more and more willing to return to the old methods of care, because we know that herbal mixtures prepared at home are the most effective and safest methods of skin care. We prepare them ourselves and can combine ingredients together in the way that suits our needs. Homemade ways for blackheads are a great solution.
- Homemade astringent mask – whisk the egg white, add a little cucumber juice, lemon juice and cranberry juice; put on your face and allow it to dry; wash it down with warm water.
- Homemade cleansing scrub – take two teaspoons of ground oatmeal, mix with warm water and massage your face with the pulp for about 10 minutes.
- Homemade clay mask – you will need natural green clay and yeast; mix them with warm water or natural yoghurt and put on the face for at least 15 minutes; wash with lukewarm water.
- Facial steam for blackheads – prepare a chamomile, sage and linden flower infusions, pouring boiling water over the leaves or bags; bends the face over the evaporating infusion and cover the head with a towel for 15 minutes.
- Homemade patches – prepare an egg white and thin tissues; stick pieces of wipes soaked in the egg white onto your nose; after they become dry, tear them off.
- Homemade mask based on baking soda – take a teaspoon of baking soda and mix with a teaspoon of liquid honey and a teaspoon of olive oil; apply to your face for 10 minutes and rinse.